The Cathedral of Kohima or the Mary Help of Christians Church conceptualized by the first bishop of Kohima, Abraham Alangimattathil, is an important church of the region. Founded in 1989, this church has an immense significance on the lives of the Catholic community of the state. Built on the Aradura Hills of Kohima, this building is probably the biggest cathedral of Northeast India with seating and standing capacity of 3000 and 1500 people respectively. One can have a stunning view of the city of Kohima from the church.
A huge donation was made by the Japanese in the memory of the soldiers who died in the Kohima War. Incidentally, the church has been the official site for a meeting of reconciliation between the British and Japanese war veterans.
The structure of the building is unique and quite interesting. The façade of the church resembles a typical Naga hut, including entrance gates on each direction-a traditional Naga practice. The furniture and other decorative items used in the building resemble the objects used by the locals. Another important feature of the Church is the stained glass rooftop filling the interior of the building with ample light.
Although the church is not decorated like a typical Catholic area of worship, still one can feel a positive aura flowing throughout. Being the home of the Diocese, this church has immense significance in the lives of the people of the region. The church is used for important religious activities like confession, adoration, and baptism. Special segregations are being made for these activities so that other visitors are not disturbed.
Doyang Lake is one of the biggest water reservoirs of Nagaland. The lake was formed due to the impounding of water from the Doyang River close to the Doyang Lake. This place attracts several migratory birds that come here for roosting each year. The beautiful lake is a nature’s paradise and ideal for any nature lover. This lake has always been well-known among locals as a bird-watching zone. However, after two of the three satellite-tagged Amur Falcons made a stop here, the attention of the international community fell on the region. The Amur Falcons come to this lake to thrive during the winter season, on their flight to South Africa from Mongolia. Every year nearly one million falcons visit this region after traveling for over 22,000 km. After roosting for a month, they start their journey once again. Also, the diverse variety of flora and fauna found in the region makes it an important venue for ecotourism. The government of Nagaland has collaborated with the Central government to promote this site as an important ecotourism spot.
During the winters, this area is visited by several migratory birds with Amur Falcons being one of them. Here tourists can watch these migratory birds living peacefully before embarking on the next phase of their journey. The place is surrounded by beautiful hills, making it a home for several common and rare flora and fauna. Tourists should summit the cliffs of the region for a better view of the lake and the surrounding areas.
Bird watching can be done here. Tourists can also go boating in the lake. Another major attraction in the area is the Doyang Hydroelectric Project. Tourists who love photography should visit this place. On the way to the Doyang Lake, tourists can explore the small villages in the area.
The Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary, spread over an area of 642 hectares, is just 8 km away from the town of Zunheboto near the Indo-Myanmar border. Due to its proximity to the international border, tourists are required to get a special permit from the State Forest Department. The permit can be acquired from the office of the forest department in Aizawl. It is an ideal place for nature lovers. Established in 1983, this park is the home to several exotic birds and animals as well as trees. Throughout the year, the area receives a tremendous amount of rain making it the home to undergrowth shrubs and orchids. Due to the huge variation in the altitude, one can witness unique biodiversity present in the region.
Surrounded by hills, narrow valleys, and high ridges, this wildlife sanctuary is a great place to go for a hike or trek. As the place received a huge amount of rainfall throughout the year, there is a huge infestation of leeches and mosquitoes in the region. While trekking tourists should carry some protection from these things. Although tourist will need some amount of expertise in trekking to cover trek trail within the vicinity of the forest, at the end of the day completing the trek can be a rewarding experience.
Home to several animals and birds like wild buffaloes, leopards, hoolock gibbons and tigers. Hornbill, one of the most famous birds of Nagaland, can be seen in abundance here. Some important and rare trees like Khasi Pine, Oaks, Nahor, Hallock and Sasi are also found in the region. Birdwatchers can watch rare birds like Jungle Fowl, Tragopan and Doves in their natural habitat.
Hiking and trekking to the top of the cliffs and hills for a great view of the nearby areas is an important thing to do. Also, tourists can watch the animals and birds in their natural habitat. Photography can be done here. Or, just relaxing in the lap of nature is ideal for tourists who want to de-stress and relax.
Japfu Peak in Kiphire Range is located in the India Burma border. With the height of 3048 m, situated only 25 km away from Kohima, this mountain peak is the second highest mountain peak of the state. Fondly referred to as ‘Valley of Flowers’ of the Northeast, this subtropical vegetation is visible from different altitudes surround this place. Some rare birds have made their dwellings in the trees of the region, few of which are almost 130 ft tall.
The topography of the region implies that the area is the bottom of a huge crater belonging to an old volcano. From the rim of the caldera, landmass created from the collapse of the volcano cone or a crater formed due to explosion, magnificent shades of green surrounding the entire valley can be seen. Tourists with a medium level of trekking expertise can summit the peak. Although the trekking trail is not marked in any of the navigation apps, there are enough intuitive markings around the trail which tourists can follow easily. Hiring a local could also help in getting a through the trail more easily.
From the top of the summit, tourists can have an uninterrupted view of the Dzukou Valley in all its glory. Also, sunrise from the peak is very beautiful and must not be missed. While trekking to the top, one can see the world’s largest rhododendron tree of 30.79 meters in height and girth of 2.41 meter. This tree holds the Guinness World Record for being largest of its kind. Also, this place is home to a rare Blythe Tragopan bird.
Trekking to the summit of the Japfu Peak is must preferably at winters as the visibility is higher during the season. During the trek, tourists need to carry sufficient amount of water as finding refills could be difficult. One can take stunning pictures of the nearby locations.
The Kachari Ruins are some of the important archeological and historical remains of the Dimasa Kachari Empire, or simply the Kachari, found in the region. The mention of this community can be found in the ancient Indian epics like Mahabharata where an important character ‘Hidimba’ wife of the mighty ‘Bhima’ lived in the region. The Dimasa ruled the region before the Tai-Ahom invasion in the medieval period.
Many attribute these structures to belong to a sub-branch of the Aryan race. The Kachari Ruins are famous for the stone structured pillars decorated with flower and animal motifs. These motifs are designed in a detailed manner and show that rulers of the region were artistically inclined. Some consider these structures being part of a larger embankment or a temple square. The original meaning of these structures have been lost, but the common motifs such as lotus, cow, deer, and elephants point towards Aryan heritage. From the top, the green silhouette surrounding the pillars creates an impression of a chessboard, with this mushroom shaped domes being the chessboard pieces. These structures are mostly 8 to 10 feet high.
After entering through the main gate, tourists can see these stone structures. The tallest pillar is of 22 feet. Common motifs like flowers and animal designs are inscribed on the pillars. Another common design is of a man standing with his hand raised, wearing an elaborate headgear. A garden adjacent to the main complex is well maintained.
Firstly, visiting the ruins is a must. Also, tourists can relax in the garden nearby and enjoy a pleasant view of the city. Photography can be done here. Also, visiting the nearby market for shopping is a must.
The Kohima Cemetery, located on the Imphal-Dimapur road (Highway 39), is a war memorial dedicated to the soldiers of the Allied forces who died during the Kohima Battle or the ‘Battle under the Cherry Tree’ during 1944. The cemetery was built on the battleground of the Garrison Hill, where the Allied soldiers fought against the incoming Japanese army. There are total 1,420 graves of the soldiers as well as a memorial for 917 Hindu and Sikh soldiers, who died during the incident. The memorial was inaugurated by the then Commander of the 14th Army in Burma, Field Marshal Sir William Slim. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission maintains the cemetery.
The cemetery is designed in a terraced structure, with different levels. The height of each level ranges from three to five meters. The beautiful rose bushes surrounding the graves give this place a surreal look. The peaceful surrounding of the cemetery along with well-manicured lawns can be a cathartic experience and is worth a visit.
In the Kohima Cemetery, tourists can visit the graves of the soldiers who died here. On the highest point of the venue, they can visit the Kohima Cremation Memorial dedicated to the Hindu and Sikh soldiers. From this point, a panoramic view of the entire city of Kohima can also be seen.
Another important exhibit of the cemetery is the famous epitaph attributed to John Maxwell Edmonds. Situated at the lower end of the cemetery, this epitaph is dedicated to the soldiers of the 2nd British Division. It reads as ‘When you go home tell them of us and say for your tomorrow we gave our today’. The trek to the Garrison Hill is a must for visitors here for soaking in the beauty of the place.
Visiting the graves of the brave soldiers is a must for every tourist. Also, trekking can be done here as well. Capturing the serene beauty of the place in a camera is a must thing to do. It is advisable to hire a local guide who is well aware of the place and its origins.
Located in the Wokha district of Nagaland at the height of 1969 m above sea levels, this mountain is one of the natural beauties of the region. These mountains hold special importance to the several tribes like Lotha, the Semas and the Aos. Many local legends and songs are dedicated to the mountain. According to local’s stories, there is a special orchard where exotic and rare fruits and flowers grow. The legends further point out that only a few have been lucky enough to visit this mythical orchard.
One can witness colorful and beautiful rhododendrons growing the cliffs and corners of the mountains giving it an unusual appeal. The mountain is the home to several birds and animals; however, their numbers are quite a few. The straight up mountains are suitable for rock climbing and other adventure activities. From the peak of the mountain, one can have a boundless view of the nearby villages shrouded in greenery.
Mount Tiyi is the place for adventure sports and events. Rock climbing is being a major crowd pulling activity. Summer is the ideal time to indulge in adventure sports at this place as rocks are less slippery. Tourists can explore several regions of the mountains covered in rhododendron and other trees. Sunrise from the mountains is also very beautiful.
Climb the top of the mountain is a must for tourists for an extraordinary view of the valley. While trekking, tourists are advised to carry essential items like water and some snacks as one might not find refills en-route. Taking pictures is a must.
The Naga Bazaar is one of the markets of the region and is as old as Kohima city. Just 4 km from Kohima Bus Station, this place is filled with noises that are typical to any market place. Beautiful landscape and beautiful hills surround the market. But some of the most curious items such as silkworms, frogs, and other insects are sold here. These items are used in the traditional Naga cuisines. Apart from that, one can find different items like tools and artifacts made by the locals. Women, dressed in traditional wear, come here to sell their ware and livestock.
Currently, the market is divided into two zones-basement and a top level. It is in the basement one can find the oddities. While strolling around the market, it can be an experience to watch the locals bargaining and purchasing these items. Many sellers sell locally procured vegetables in the market including infamous ‘Naga Jhaloki’ or ‘Bhut Jhaloki’ (world’s hottest pepper with Scoville rating of 855,000 SHUs). Also, a separate section for selling traditional artifacts, dresses and other household items are made in the market.
Tourist interested in learning about the Naga tribes and their lifestyle should visit the place. Selling of edible insects like silkworms, ells, frogs, etc is done here. The place is filled with vibrant energy and must be experienced by every tourist.
Just 10 kilometers off Kohima situated on NH 39, this village spreading across the area of about 50 acres, was established with the idea of preserving the cultural heritage of Nagaland. Also known as the Kisama (Ki meaning Kigwema, Sa meaning Phesama and Ma meaning village) is a unique initiative launched y the Government of Nagaland. The given venue was established for the sole purpose of the Hornbill Festival, where almost all the Naga tribes participate in showcasing their traditional lifestyle. After converting to Christianity, most of the tribesmen have given up their old ways of hunting and living. However, with time they are trying to revive their traditions once again. The Hornbill festival is helping them in doing the same.
The entire village offers a panoramic view of Nagaland’s different tribes and sub-tribes. This venue is being used as common grounds for cataloging different communities and their traditions, language as well as customs.
The Heritage Village houses a cluster of 16 huts or ‘Morung’ dedicated to the 16 different tribes of Nagaland. These structures reflect the design and architecture of the huts of their respective tribes. Besides that, there is a World War II Museum, Bamboo Pavilion, and a Bamboo Heritage Hall visited by the tourists. The amphitheater within the complex is used for live concerts and provides a great view of the surrounding areas.
The visit to the heritage village during the Hornbill festival is a must. Tourists can visit the different ‘Morung’ belonging to different communities of the state. Also, shopping for rare and exquisite merchandise from the museum shops in the vicinity can be done. Interested tourists can do photography and hiking.
Located in the Peren district of Nagaland, the beautiful Ntangki National Park or the Intangki National Park is one of the most beautiful regions of the district spread over an area of 202 sq km. Within the marked territory of the park, there are several mountains and small hills making it home to some rare and common flora and fauna belonging to the area. The term ‘Ntangki’ comes from the local Zeme dialect of the local tribe called the Zeliangrong.
During the 1920s, the then Deputy Commissioner of the Nagaland, J. H. Hutton, proposed to set up a park in the nearby Ntangki-Dhansiri valley, forming the Ntangki Reserved Forest in 1923. Later on, in 1993, the Government of Nagaland declared this region as a national park. In 1995, this place was acknowledged as an Elephant Reserve, which worked towards protection of the mighty mammals. The forest around the region is of rainforest variety making the area suitable home to exotic flora and fauna, subtropical trees and grasses. Within the well-marked boundaries of the forest, one can observe the animals in their natural surroundings.
The place is suitable for sightseeing, trekking, and camping. Animals like Hoolock gibbon, flying squirrel, and python surround the national park and can be sighted easily. From the top of the cliffs, one can have a good view of the region. Camping and trekking events are regularly organized in the park by the authorities. Summiting the valleys offer the visitors a breathtaking view of the region.
Trekking and camping in the park is a must. The place is a photographers’ paradise. While touring the park, one can hire a tour guide for a better understanding of the region and its residents. The beauty of the place can mesmerize the visitors.
The breathtaking Pulie Badze Wildlife Sanctuary is an extraordinary place for the bird watching. The name Pulie Badze in local Angami dialect means Pulie’s seat. According to local legend, once a brave villager called Pulie fought a giant serpent but could not win over it. The serpent ate him alive. On realizing what had happened to him, Pulie’s family kept a piece of a chair in his honor for his spirit to sit on his way back home. Historically, the Puliebudze was an important strategic location for the Japanese army during the Kohima Battle of 1944.
The Pulie Badze Wildlife Sanctuary spread in the area of 9 sq km falls under the Important Bird Area (IBA) of India. Other two important wildlife reserves are the Khonoma Nature Conservation and Tragopan. Due to its proximity to the Japfu Peak and Dzukou Valley, these three regions make an important avifauna conservation site. The area is surrounded by subtropical broadleaf forests that make the region an excellent habitat for the flora and fauna.
The scenic beauty of the place is a major tourist attraction. Trekking can be done here. The trail is easy to complete and gives tourists an option to explore the park more easily. From the top of the hills, a panoramic view of the Kohima city can be seen. Christianity has a great influence on the lives of the Naga tribes. A simple cross with the inscription ‘Christ Died for All’ is erected on the top of the mountain which can be seen from the nearby villages. This place is the home to some rare and common avifauna like Blyth’s Tragopan and Dark Rumped Swift. The valley is also home to the famous Dzukou Lily, and during the flowering season, the entire valley is covered in the given blooming flower
Trekking and hiking to the hilltop for a panoramic view of the Kohima. Lovers of photography and bird should come here. Enjoying the peace and serenity of the area is a must for every tourist.
The forest reserve is the well-known destination of Dimapur and visited by locals during holidays. Established in 1961, this place is the home to several medicinal plants as well as birds and animals. This reserve was founded with the view to protect the land from unsupervised encroachment issues. However, a substantial portion of the forest was lost before anything could be done about it. Currently, 49.4 acres of protective land is being used to preserve the endangered flora and fauna of the region and providing them with a safe and comfortable habitat.
The region enjoys pleasant weather throughout the year, but it is during the monsoons that the entire region can be in its full bloom. Unfortunately, during the monsoon, the area is swamped by leeches and bugs. The visibility of the area gets drastically reduced making it unsuitable for a visit during the season. The beautiful landscape of Rangapahar Reserve Forest has beautiful trekking trails for interested tourists. Surrounded by greenery, this reserve forest is simply a treat for the nature lovers.
The medicinal plant of the reserve forest is an interesting collection within the vicinity they are used for several purposes. Also, to several endangered species like a wild goat, deer and bear can be seen roaming freely within the region. Parrots, woodpecker, and partridges well as some exotic birds can be seen here.
Hiking around the area is suitable for tourist of every age. Safari sessions are organized regularly. Participating in one can give the tourists a chance to view several animals and birds living in a protective environment. Photography enthusiasts should visit here. The gallery for several medicinal plants can also be visited.
The Shilloi is the largest freshwater lake of Nagaland located at a distance of 221 km from Kohima. Situated on low laying slopes of the Patkai Range, tourists can reach the Shilloi Lake by taking the scenic Zunheboto-Kiphire road. The entire route is surrounded by pine forests, providing a breathtaking view of the region. The lake is spread across the area of 0.30 sq km and has a depth of 4 meters. From the top, this waterbody resembles a human footprint. Locals believe this lake is the home to the mythical Queen of the Shilloi and is revered by them. There are several legends associated with this place and are narrated by the locals of the region. In respect of the mythical queen, locals do not use the water of the lake for drinking, fishing, and irrigation. They also believe that a person cannot drown in this lake. Interestingly, there have never been reported incidents of drowning.
The place is ideal for a relaxing holiday. Tourists can go for boating or bird watching. During migratory season, several nomadic birds such as the Siberian Cranes visit the lake. Watching these birds roaming freely around the area can be a memorable experience for tourists. Birdwatchers should bring binoculars for having a better view. Trekking to the nearby cliffs for a glimpse of the lake and the surrounding areas is a must.
Tourists should try boating in this beautiful lake encircled by exotic flora and fauna of the region. Trekking to the top of the nearby cliffs offers a 360-degree view of the Shilloi Lake or Latsam Lake as referred by locals. In addition to it, tourists should try taking lots of pictures of the region with their camera.
The State Museum of Nagaland, established in 1970, is one of the prime locations of Kohima. Situated on the Bayavü Hill, the two-story building is maintained by the Government of Nagaland. Due to the lack of any written documentation, it is somewhat difficult to understand how the highlanders of the region survived. However, the museum provides valuable insight into the lifestyle of the Naga tribes and their social hierarchy for a better understanding of the tourists. Here, one can see different artifacts and memorabilia associated with the history of the fascinating state. Diverse exhibits such as ornaments, traditional hats, and headgears, fabrics as well as other items belonging to different tribes of Nagaland are cataloged and displayed in the museum complex.
The route to the venue displays the beauty of nature in its most pristine form. Also, tourist can witness several birds roaming freely in the area. Overall, visitors can have an enriching and unforgettable experience while here.
Exhibits of the museum display a vibrant culture of the Naga tribes. Some of the rare artifacts kept on display are the clan motifs, necklaces, traditional dresses, and inscriptions. Several life-size mannequins wearing traditional Naga attire can be seen doing different mundane activities like cooking and hunting. These mannequins display how these tribal community survived centuries ago. A rare collection of valuable stones like cornelian, coral, and tourmaline belonging to multiple tribes of Nagaland is another crowd pulling artifacts on display.
Visiting the rare exhibits belonging to different tribes of Nagaland is a must. The place is recommended for history buffs and photography enthusiasts. Tourists can go for a pleasant hike on the Bayavu Hill for an adrenaline rush. The entire region is home to several birds and animals. Sighting some during the hike can be expected. View of the city of Kohima from the top of the hill is very beautiful.
JVeda Peak, or Pak Koi as locals fondly refer, is one of the tallest peaks of the Mon District of Nagaland. Located just 70 km away from the district headquarters, this place provides the tourists a spellbinding view of the area. However, during winters these snowcapped mountains look more charming. From the top of the peak, during clear days, one can see the River Brahmaputra (Assam) and the River Chindwin (Myanmar) as well as the beautiful Konyak countryside.
This area is the home to the brave and artistically inclined Konyak Tribe. These people are known for their blackened teeth, tattooed faces, and prowess in head hunting. Although they have left their traditional headhunting practices, the house of the Konyak Tribal Chief is still adorned with skulls of both humans and animals. During the latter part of the 19th century, the British established their camps in the Veda Peak. Incidentally, it was the first place where the colonizer set up their camps in the Northeast region. Moreover, legends point out that British planted first opium saplings of the Naga Hills in this place.
The salubrious weather of the region is one of the main tourist’s attractions. Surrounded by charming hills and easily coverable trekking routes, this place is a suitable destination for backpackers and trekkers. From the top of the peak, one can see the beautiful Naga Hills as well as the mighty rivers Brahmaputra and Chindwin. On clear days, a beautiful sunrise can be seen from the peak. A beautiful unnamed waterfall flows close to the peak where tourists can soak in the pure beauty of nature.
Firstly, summiting the Veda Peak is a must for tourists. From the top, the view is simply breathtaking and worthy of several photographs. The trekking route is not that difficult and can be completed within a few hours. Tourists can start early to catch the sunrise. Also, tourists should visit the Chui Village and Longwa Village nearby. The area is the home to the Konyak tribe, who are skilled in making beautiful artifacts like bamboo baskets, necklaces, headgear and so on. Tourists can buy these items for taking back home.