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Exotic Wildlife Sanctuaries & National Parks
Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary Kerala
07 Days 06 Nights

Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary Kerala

  • Location :Near Palakkad, Kerala

  • Coverage area : 285 sq. Kms

  • Main attraction : Elephants, Crocodiles

  • Best time to visit :October To March

  • Nearby excursions :

  • Nearby cities :Palakkad District of Kerala

Amidst the dense forest in the Western Ghat mountain ranges, is the Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary famous for its rich vegetation, hilly terrain and an immensely affluent flora. The sanctuary was established in 1973 and was declared as Parambikulam Tiger Reserve in 2009. The sanctuary is counted among the most protected ecological part of Annamalai sub unit of Western Ghats, with the most out of the ordinary peninsular flora and fauna preserved with minimal human interaction.

Location of Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary Kerala

Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Southern Western Ghats of Palakkad District of Kerala and is considered as one of the most protected ecological portions of the area. Covered across a total area of 643.66 sq km, the core area of the sanctuary is 390.89 sq km while the rest 252.77 sq km accounts as buffer area. The sanctuary is situated 135 km from Palakkad town and next to the Annamalai Wildlife Sanctuary to the east in Tamil Nadu. To its north lies Nemmara Forest Division, to its south is Vazhachal Forest Division and the Chalakudy Forest Division lies to its west. The altitude range varies between 300 m and 1438 m.

KarimalaGopuram at 1438 m(southern boundary), Pandaravarai at 1290 m (north), Kuchimudi, VengoliMalai at 1120 m (eastern boundary) and Puliyarapadam at 1010 m (west) are among the major peaks that lie in the sanctuary. There are three man-made reservoirs making a combined area of 20.66 sq km and include Parambikulam, Thunacadavu (Thunakkadavu) and Peruvaripallam.

Climatic conditions

The sanctuary experiences wet tropical climate with intense monsoon ? from both south-west and north-west monsoon, with an average annual rainfall of 1600 mm. The temperature varies from 15 degree Celsius to 32 degree Celsius.

Best time to visitParambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary Kerala

Though the weather remains cool and enjoyable throughout the year, it is best to avoid the monsoon due to heavy rainfall and bad road conditions. The best time to go for an exploration of the sanctuary is between the months of October and March when the weather is the most pleasant for jungle safari and other activities.

Animals that inhabit the sanctuary

The sanctuary is very well protected and not much human interactions are allowed on daily basis. This results in an amazingly lush flora and fauna. The sanctuary inhabits 36 different species of mammals, 16 species of amphibians, 268 species of birds, 61 species of reptiles, 47 species of fish, 221 species of butterflies and more than a thousand species of insects.Asian Elephant, Gaur, Royal Bengal Tiger, Spotted Deer, Sloth Bear, Panther Wild Dog, , Sambar, Barking Deer, Common Langur, NilgiriLangur, Malabar Giant Squirrel are some of the most common animals spotted here in the sanctuary.

Among the 268 species of birds, 134 are listed are rare and 18 species are endemic to Western Ghats. Lesser adjutant stork, broad-billed roller, grey-headed fish-eagle Peninsular bay owl, great pied hornbill, darter, little cormorant, black eagle, black-capped kingfisher, great Indian hornbill, and black woodpecker are few of the ones worth mentioning. There are 221 species of butterflies among which 14 are rare and endemic. 7 of 47 species of fish are enlisted as endangered species and 17 more are endemic to Western Ghats.

The flora of the sanctuary is rich with 1438 species of flowering plants categorized under 704 genera and 136 families. There are 81 species of orchids and 50 endangered medicinal plants which you would get to see nowhere else.

Distance of Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary Kerala from major cities:

  • Pollachi , 58.7 km

  • Palakkad , 94.4 km

  • Coimbatore , 102.7 km

  • Cochin , 169 km

  • Kodaikanal , 178.4 km

How to reach the National park ?

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  • The nearest airport is at Coimbatore located at 110 km. It is an international airport and is connected with Delhi, Mumbai, Kozhikode, Bengaluru, Chennai, Bhubaneshwar, Kolkata, Ahmedabad and Hyderabad among the major cities in the country via regular flights.

  • The sanctuary is 169 km from Cochin International Airport, which is well connected to domestic as well as international cities.

  • Cabs and private rented cars are available from both the airport that would take you to the sanctuary.


  • Coimbatore railway station is at 96 km north from the sanctuary and is the nearest railhead connecting to cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Jaipur, Tuticorin, Rajkot, Bikaner, Mangalore and Tirupati to name a few.

  • One may avail taxi or bus services from the railway station directly to the sanctuary.


  • One can reach the sanctuary via road from Pollachi which is 58.7 km away and the nearest town that connects with the sanctuary. There are two daily bus services that take you to the tiger reserve and is the easiest way to travel.

Accommodation facilities

There are a number of hotels and resorts to stay in and around Parambikulam. Stay close to the sanctuary to feel the wilderness and ambiance to its best. There are options of tree huts in the region for an easy access to the forest, and these huts are well-built with basic amenities. Besides these, one can find many accommodation options managed by the Forest Department.

Things to do

Jungle Safari

The jungle safari is the must-try during your visit to the sanctuary to spot the animals and birds in their natural habitat. Also, it is a sheer delight to explore the heavenly nature in its best while traveling in an open jeep.


With an undulating rough terrain with high cliffs and shallow valleys, it is an exciting moment for the adventure lovers to try trekking.

Jungle camps

Several tree huts are setup for the wildlife lovers to go jungle camping which is by itself an amazingly thrilling experience.


Need not forget to keep your eyes and cameras ready to capture the moments of the beautiful nature and wildest of fauna and avifauna preserved in your memory forever.


Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary is the nature?s own abode in every sense of the word. Go there for your next vacation if you want to cool your eyes with lush green or if you want to pump up your adrenalin level high.


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