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Exotic Wildlife Sanctuaries & National Parks
Pulicat lake bird sanctuary
07 Days 06 Nights

Pulicat lake bird sanctuary

  • Location :60-km North Of Chennai, Nellore District, Andhra Pradesh

  • Coverage area : 500-Sq-km

  • Main attraction : Nelapattu, Vedurupattu, Bodilingalapadu and Sriharikota

  • Best time to visit :October to March

  • Nearby excursions :

  • Nearby cities :Thirupalaivanam

One of its kinds, Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary is among the most famous bird sanctuaries in India. It is a paradise for photographer, birdwatchers and Ornithologists alike. Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary ranks as the 2nd largest brackish water ecosystem in India and stands next to Chilika Lake, Orissa. The sanctuary is mainly noted for a huge population of greater flamingos, along with several other migratory birds. It is also a well-known spot

Location of Pulicat lake bird sanctuary

Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary is located in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh. Stretched across a total area of 481 sq km, the core area of the National Park is 108 sq km. 327.33 sq km of the park is managed by the Andhra Pradesh Forest Department while the rest 153.67 sq km falls under the administration of the Tamil Nadu Forest Department. The altitude ranges from 100? MSL to 1200? MSL.

Climatic conditions

The climate of the Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary is mild and pleasant throughout the year with a moderate fluctuation during the summers and winters. Monsoons enjoy an average rainfall from 800-2000 mm. The temperature varies from 14 degrees Celsius to 33 degrees Celsius.

Best time to visitPulicat lake bird sanctuary

Though the place is perfect for visit any time of the year, it is best to be explored from October to March when the migratory birds from Australia, Nigeria, Siberia, Pakistan and Europe fly all the way down to reproduce and feed on the lake. It is a sheer delight to watch the birds, especially flamingos, in the wetland where they stay for all these months. It is indeed a once in a lifetime experience.

Animals that inhabit the sanctuary

The bird sanctuary is one of the most famous in India where thousands of foreign birds migrate and spend few months for reproduction and in search of food. Birds make nests on the trees at Nelapattu, Vedurupattu, Bodilingalapadu and Sriharikota Island and come down to the lake every day for feeding. Birds like grey pelicans, larger flamingos, and painted storks are among the most favorites among the tourists, while the other attractions are birds like grey heron, black ducks, white ducks, marbled teal, terns, egrets, kites and patridges, quails, seagulls, open-billed stork, curlews, stilts, plovers, sandpipers, lapwings, redshanks, shoveler, garganey, gadwall, marsh sandpipers, and black-tailed godwit. Notable is the fact that the sanctuary attracts and houses upto 15000 flamingos during the peak season.

The flora and fauna is biologically endowed with a diverse range of biological habitats, including 160 species of fish, 12 species of prawn, 25 species of polychaete worms, 19 species of molluskand more. The other aquatic creatures found here are anemone, mussels, fish worms, snails, clams, sponges, prawns, crabs, insects, plankton, spiders, oysters etc.

Distance of Pulicat lake bird sanctuary from major cities:

  • Thirupalaivanam, 9 km

  • Karungali, 10 km

  • Ponneri, 20 km

  • Thiruvallur, 74 km

  • Chennai, 93.2 km

How to reach the National park ?

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  • Renigunta at 73 km away is the nearest airport, which is connected domestically with major cities.

  • The sanctuary is 111.3 km away from Chennai airport.


  • Renigunta railway station is 75 km from the Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary.

  • One can avail bus service directly to the sanctuary getting down at Pulicat bus stand (1.5 km) or at Pazhaverkadu bus stand (500 mts).

  • Better option is to travel from Chennai Central to Sullrupeta (10km) as the train frequency is more with trains departing after every 1 hour.


  • Reach Pulicat from Chennai by accessing NH 5, drive towards Nellore and further to the ThatchoorKootu Road to Ponneri village (19 km).

  • Direct bus is available from Tirupati to Sullurpeta with 1 hour frequency. The journey takes around 1.5 hours.

  • One can travel from Tirupati to Naidupeta (1 hr) and from Naipupeta to Sullurpeta (30 mins) as well to reach the sanctuary.

Accommodation facilities

There are forest rest houses with availability of suites and deluxe rooms. Alternate accommodation facilities are also available at Inspection Bungalows at Sullurpet and Tada, or one can also stay at hotels in Chennai, Thirupathi or Sullurpeta.

Things to do

Bird safari and bird watching

No prize for guessing that this is what is considered as the most favorite tourist attraction ? bird-safari and bird-watching. Bird safari is a life-time experience especially during the sunsets when the birds fly back to their respective perches. It is a treat to the eyes to capture their different colors swarming up the sky as they fly in groups.


One can enjoy varied aqua sports like traditional punting or sailing in a flat-bottom boat and not in a motorized boat to avoid disturbing the natural ecology or the birds.

Pulicat lake flamingo festival

Every year, the festival is celebrated during January for 3 days in a grand way at Sullurpeta, Nelapattu and Tada.

Photographers' delight

It is an absolute pleasure to capture the hues and activities of the birds in their natural ambience. Capture the glimpses in your mind?s camera as well as preserve them through the lens of your camera.


Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary is one of its kinds in India and is a must-visit for all including Ornithologists, photographers, wildlife enthusiasts and bird-lovers. Discover the beauty of nature as thousands of birds fly down to the region for few months coloring the ambience with their own vibrant hues.


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