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Exotic Wildlife Sanctuaries & National Parks
Silent Valley National Park
07 Days 06 Nights

Silent Valley National Park

  • Location :40 Kms From Mannarkkad, Kerala

  • Coverage area : 77 sq. kms

  • Main attraction : Butterflies

  • Best time to visit :September to March

  • Nearby excursions : Parambikulam, Choolanur Peacock Sanctuary, Attappadi or Mountain Valley

  • Nearby cities :Coonoor, Coimbatore

Located in the Palakkad district of the state of Kerala, Silent Valley National Park is one of the finest places to visit in the Nilgiri hills. The local folks call the region Sairandhrivanam. Situated in the virgin tracts of South Western Ghats mountain rain forest, it was named as a National Park in the year of 1984. The core area of the park consists of about 89.52 Km2 and the buffer zone is approximately 148 Km2. Total area of the park is close to 237.52 Km2.

Apart from supporting a huge biodiversity, the park also has immense historical significance. Silent Valley National Park is basically in the core of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve as is home to the largest population of Lion tailed macaques which are an endangered primate.

The story of Silent Valley region

Climatic conditions

The climatic conditions vary widely according the changes in altitude. The undulating terrain of the park, ranging from plains to the hills records a wide range of temperature. April is the hottest month with summers as hot and humid. The average temperature revolves around 23?C-29?C. The winter months are cold and dry with January and February being the coldest and average temperature keeps around 4?C -18?C.

Valley receives high amounts of rainfall twice during the year. Thanks to the south-west and north-east monsoon which comes in June to September and during October and November respectively. June, July and August are the months which receive the most rainfall.

Best time to visitSilent Valley National Park

The ideal time of the year to visit the Silent Valley National Park is between the months of September to March when the temperature remain pleasant.

Animals that inhabit the sanctuary

Harbouring about 292 species of birds, 34 species of mammals, 22 species of amphibians, 31 species of reptiles, 13 species of fishes and 500 species of butterflies and moths, this National Park is rich in faunal diversity.

Speaking of having a fair representation of all peninsular mammals, the major ones include Lion-tailed Macaque, Tiger, Leopard (Panther), Leopard Cat, Nilgiri Langur, Bonnet Macaque, Jungle Cat, Small Indian Civet, Brown Palm Civet, Fishing Cat, Stripe necked Mongoose, Wild Dog, Common Palm Civet, Ruddy Mongoose, Sloth Bear, Malabar Giant Squirrel, Indian Pangolin (Scaly anteater), Otter, Flying Squirrel, Porcupine, Wild Boar, Barking Deer, Mouse Deer, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Gaur and Elephant.

Lion Tailed Macaque is the most famous animal spotted here and its almost synonymous with the name of the Valley.


Nilgiri Wood Pigeon, White bellied tree Pie, Rufous Babbler, Broad tailed Grass Warbler, Black and Orange Flycatcher, Wayanad Laughing Thrush, Blue winged Parakeet, Greyheaded Bulbul, Nilgiri Laughing Thrush, White bellied Blue Flycatcher, Nilgiri Flycatcher, Nilgiri Pipit, Small Sunbird and Rufousbellied Shortwing are some of the birds sighted and identified in the Valley. There are almost 14 endemic avian species in the Western Ghat.


The Silent Valley is virtually a treasure-trove for botanist. The flora of the valley include approximately 1000 species of flowering plants, 100 ferns and fern allies, 107 species of orchids, 200 liverworts, about 200 algae and 75 lichens. Of these floral varieties, a good majority is endemic to the Western Ghat itself. Basically, Silent Valley Reserve Forest can be segmented into four forest types such as -

  • West-coast tropical evergreen forest (600 to 1100 m)

  • Southern subtropical broad leaved hill forest (1300 to 1800 m)

  • Southern montane wet temperate forest (above 1900 m)

  • Grassland

The following are some of the new species that has been recorded by the botanists recently :

  • Hedyotis silentvalleyensis

  • Kanjaram palghatensis

  • Porpax chandrasekharanhii

  • Silentvalleya nairii

  • Nydnocarpus pendulus

For the orchid lovers, the majorly found species include but not limited to Oberonia bisaccata, Eriatiagii, and Liparis indiraii. Ipsea malabarica is a ground orchid which was rediscovered after a lapse of more than a century. Anodendron rhinos porum and Scutellaria oblonga are the two Sri Lankan plants which have also been recorded.

Mesua ferrea, Cullenia exarillata, Palaquim ellipticum are the major tree species seen here.

Distance of Silent Valley National Park from major cities:

  • Mannarkkad, 13 km

  • Mukkali, 31 km

  • Palakkad, 49 km

  • Calicut, 101 km

  • Coimbatore, 103 km

  • Cochin, 175 km

  • Bangalore, 461 km

  • Hyderabad, 1026 km

  • Chennai, 623 km

How to reach the National park ?

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  • Calicut (80 km), Coimbatore (91 km) and Cochin (135 km) are the three major airports where visitors can fly to when they have to visit the National Park. These airports are also well connected by private taxis and cars to Silent Valley National Park.


Palghat railway station, which is about 70 Km from the Silent Valley National Park is the nearest railway station that is well connected by road to reach this place.


There are plenty of buses that are run by KSRTC are available every half an hour from Palakkad towards Mukkali. Privately operated jeeps and vehicles are also available. Mannarghat is the nearest important township (32 km from the Silent Valley National Park) from where one can get buses to other important cities such as Coimbatore, Palghat.

Accommodation facilities

Inspection Bungalow at Mukkali is available upon advance booking. Tourists can also book accommodations from KTDC website.

Planters Retreat and Silent Valley Resort are two of the best hotels near Silent Valley forest. The pristine accommodation dining lounge, utmost luxury, beautiful furnishings makes the stay perfect.

Things to do

When in Silent Valley National Park, don't miss these top three funs things to do :

  • Set out on a Wildlife Safari

  • Enjoy the panoramic views from the Watchtower

  • Trek to Kunthi River


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