Also known as the Nizam city and the “City of Pearls”, Hyderabad is the capital city of Andhra Pradesh and Telengana. It lies on the Deccan Plateau, 541 meters (1776 ft) above sea level, over an area of 625 km² (244 mile²).
The city is famous for its rich royal history, food and multi-lingual culture, both geographically and culturally. Hyderabad was founded in the year 1951 by fifth QutbShahi Ruler Muhammad QuliQutb Shah.
The original city of Hyderabad was founded on the banks of river Musi. Hyderabad and Secunderabad are twin cities, separated by the Husain Sagar (bound by the 'Tank Bund'), a manmade lake made during the time of Ibrahim Qutb Shah in 1562.
Hyderabad is genuinely an amalgamation of new and old cultures which perfectly blends the old historical and cultural city with its modern and commercialized look. Look back into history and you would find Hyderabad as the home to several old mosques and old markets that contrasts strikingly with swanky modern office buildings and malls.
The most iconic place to visit in Hyderabad is the Charminar – literally meaning four minarets. It is built entirely out of limestone and granite, with four minarets on four sides, each of them facing a different street. It stands out for the fact that the monument portrays beautifully the Indo-Islamic architecture of old times. The entire stretch around the area is an exhibition of hundreds of stalls selling pearls, perfumes, handicrafts, laces and the other edible delicacies like biriyani, kababs and Irani tea.
A treat to the tourists’ eyes is the Golconda Fort which is bordered by a 10-km long wall. Though the fort today is mostly ruins, it still speaks for the royal ambience and imperialistic architecture.
Moving to the modern spots is the Ramoji Film City which is the largest film studio complex in the entire world that spreads across 2000 acres. An oasis in the midst of an otherwise landlocked city, HussainSagar Lake in Hyderabad is an entirely manmade lake which boasts of a 450-tonne statue of Buddha carved of white granite in the middle of the lake.