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jagannath rath yatra



Start Date: 07-07-2024 End Date:    07-07-2024


Puri , Odisha

Partake in the Jagannath Rath Yatra Puri and Witness the grandness of divinity

Partake in the Jagannath Rath Yatra Puri and Witness the grandness of divinity

The Ratha Yatra Festival, also known as Ratha Jatra, Chariot Festival, Shri Gundicha Yatra, Navadina Yatra, or Dasavatara, is a Hindu festival that takes place annually in the month of June or July in different parts of India. However, this festival is celebrated with utmost opulence and splendor in Puri, Odisha. The Puri Ratha Yatra is the oldest one in India and the world, and as per the traditional Oriya calendar, it is celebrated on Ashadha Shukla Paksha Dwitiya in the month of Ashadha. During this festival, Lord Jagannath, his elder brother Lord Balabhadra, and younger sister Goddess Subhadra are worshipped. The description of this ritual can be traced in the great Puranas, such as Brahma Purana, Padma Purana, Skanda Purana, and Kapila Samhita. An innumerable number of people belonging to different religion, from different parts of India and the world come together to participate and celebrate the festival of Jagannath Rath Yatra Puri. This is truly a festival of pure spirituality and togetherness.

A description of the Jagannath Rath Yatra Puri festival
 A description of the Jagannath Rath Yatra Puri festival

It is believed that during this time of the year, Lord Jagannath along with his elder brother Balabhadra and younger sister Subhadra, visit his birthplace, Gundicha Temple and his aunt’s home, Mausi Maa Temple and this auspicious festival is celebrated to commemorate this pious journey. The center spot of this grand celebration is the Jagannath Temple, where the ‘Lord of the World’ Lord Jagannath or Lord Krishna is worshipped with his wife, Goddess Lakshmi and his siblings.

The unique rituals

  • Nabakalebara : In this temple, the idols of the deities are made of wood, which need to be replaced after a certain period of time. Thus, the ritual of ‘Nabakalebara’ takes place every 10-19 years when the old idols are replaced with the new ones and it is believed that the deities have taken rebirth.
  • Snan Purnima or Snana Yatra : This ritual takes place in June-July when due to the extreme heat of the summer, the deities step out of the temple to take a bath. 108 pots of water are used to give the deities a bath.
  • Anasar Ghar : It is believed that after bathing under the blazing sun, the deities have fallen ill and hence, they are kept in a recovery chamber, called Anasar Ghar, for a period of two weeks.
  • Navajouban Darshan : After they recover completely, the deities reappear renewed before the public on the new moon day in the month of Ashadha, also known as ‘Ashadha Amavasya’ and this occasion is called Navajouban Darshan.
The Yatra
The Yatra

After these rituals are performed, the Jagannath Rath Yatra Puri starts, when Lord Jagannath and his siblings wish to eat the food cooked by their aunt and hence, begin their 9-day journey in chariots towards her place. The deities visit the Mausi Maa Temple dedicated to Goddess Ardhashini, while journeying towards Gundicha Temple and again, on their way back to the Shri Mandir. They stay in the Gundicha Temple, also known as the Garden House of Lord Jagannath, for nine days and then brought back through a grand procession to the Shri Mandir.

The significance of the chariots

The main attraction of this festival is perhaps the three magnificent chariots, which carry the three deities from the Jagannath Temple to their destination and bring them back. Every year, new chariots are built.

  • Lord Jagannath’s chariot is named ‘Nandighosa’. It is 45.6 feet in height and has 16 wheels. Being called ‘Pitambara’, Lord Krishna’s chariot is covered with red and yellow cloth.
  • ‘Taladhwaja’ is the name of Lord Balabhadra’s chariot, which is 45 feet high and has 14 wheels. This chariot has an insignia of a palm tree on its flag and is covered with red and green cloth.
  • Subhadra’s chariot, known as ‘Dwarpadalana’ meaning “trampler of pride”, has 12 wheels and is 44.6 feet high. This chariot is covered with red and black cloth as black is the color associated with Shakti or the Mother Goddess.

On the pious day of Akshaya Tritiya, the construction of the three chariots starts. The chariots are embellished in a unique and splendid way and there are four horses attached to every chariot.

The major attraction of the festival – the proce
The major attraction of the festival – the proce

The majestic procession of the chariot festival attracts people from across the globe to get a glimpse of the deities and their splendid chariots. The chariots are pulled by hands by the common people using long ropes of 50 meters in length. Countless devotees participate in this ritual believing that this act will wash away their sins. The constant chanting and drum beating add a glory to the spiritual essence of the rituals and boost the enthusiasm of the devotees and participants of the grand procession.

Things to do during this spiritual festival

Apart from participating in this holy event Jagannath Rath Yatra Puri, you can visit a lot of places in and around the city. The glamorous beaches of Puri and Konark are a must-see for every tourist coming to this place. There are many ancient temples that you can visit like the Sun Temple of Konark, Gundicha Temple, Sakshigopal Temple, Shree Loknath Temple, etc. The Raghurajpur artist village, Pipili village, and the great Chilika Lake are some of the most notable tourist destinations worth visiting. For the shopaholics, visiting the carnivals and fairs that are held around the temple is a must. You can buy the miniatures of the idols and chariots and other handicraft items. Tasting the special delicious cuisine and the mouthwatering desserts of the Chariot Festival, along with the Mahaprasad of the temple, locally known as ‘Abhada’, is a must.

So, plan a trip this year to participate in this sacred event that celebrates divinity in its purest form.

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