Ahmedabad (or Ahmadabad) is the largest city and former state capital of Gujarat. Located on the banks of River Sabarmati, just 30 km off Gandhinagar, it is India’s fifth most populous city. It has been an important industrial town of the country and one of the largest cotton producers of India. Interestingly, Ahmedabad has developed as a ‘Smart City’ under ‘Smart Cities Mission’ flagship program launched by the Indian Government. Old Ahmedabad has been declared as the first UNESCO World Heritage City in 2017 of India.
The eastern region of Ahmedabad consists of the old city and its unique pol (close housing clusters). The Western region of Ahmedabad houses more modern buildings and houses. The cityscape old Ahmedabad is filled with beautiful examples of Indo-Saracenic style. It is believed that Ahmed Shah was first to introduce this unique combination of Indian and Persian architectures style.
The city is well known for its street food like Dabeli, Tikki-Chat-Pakori, Dhokla and Khakra.The historically significant Sabarmati Ashram founded by Mahatma Gandhi is an important landmark here.
Ahmedabad is an important city in the history of India. During the 11th century, it was referred to as Ashaval. In the early 15th century, Sultan Shah Ahmed I built a walled city and named it Ahmedabad. Some historian suggests that the city was named after four saints who lived in the region. Another group of historians believes that the city was named after the sultan. Ahmedabad has seen several ups and downs in the history of India. Due to Ahmadabad’s proximity to the sea, many rulers ranging from Mughals to the British colonizers has established their stronghold here. The city has played an important role in India’s freedom struggle. Mahatma Gandhi founded his two ashrams -Kochrab Ashram and the Sabarmati Ashram in the region. Also, the famous Daldi March began from here.